C. 41/37 (d-f-e)
Resolution moved by the Commission
The Conference convened by the L.S.I. and the I.F.T.U. at the request of the Spanish comrades, meeting in London on March 10-11, 1937,
Greets the Spanish people which is conducting with such courage its fight against the combined forces of Fascism, and is defending at one and the same time its own liberty and the liberty and peace of Europe and the World.
From the very beginning of the conflict the two Internationals have never ceased to denounce its character before world public opinion. Events have shown that their fears were only too well-founded. To-day it is evident to all that we are faced with a deliberate aggression by Fascist Italy and Germany against Spain, and that, as President Azana has so correctly stated, Spain is engaged, not in a civil war but in a war of national liberation. Not only have the Fascist Powers supplied the rebels with arms and munitions, in violation of their undertakings, but they have also supplied them with the aviation in which they were lacking and also perhaps with naval forces. They have even landed large contingents of men, armed and already formed into detachments amounting in all to the strength of several army corps. The fact that these men have been termed "volunteers" in no way alters the character of the crime which has been committed against international law.
Moreover, whilst Spain has been thus attacked, in obvious violation of the League Covenant, not only has it not received in any form the help which it was legitimately entitled to expect, but it has been deprived of the ordinary right of procuring in the free market those articles most indispensable for its defence. The two Internationals have always protested against such a state of affairs.
II. An attempt is now being made to correct the obvious disadvantages of a system which in practice does not deserve the name of "non-intervention", by a system of "control". Guided by past experience the two Internationals are not convinced that the present measures will improve the situation. In the absence of the will to co-operate by the Fascist Powers considerable time will be necessary to get together the corps of observers whom it is proposed to have on board the ships, and during the whole of this time the rebels will continue to receive supplies whilst those of the Government will be stopped. The gap through Portugal is very imperfectly blocked. We protest against the fact that the Non-Intervention Committee has entrusted the surveillance of the Mediterranean coasts of Spain to the German and Italian fleets which are collaborating so decisively with the rebels. If experience should prove, as is probable, that these measures do not succeed in a few weeks