LIFE RETURNS TO "NORMAL" IN SPAIN
"Today the Red army is captive and disarmed, and the Nationalist troops have achieved their final military objectives. The war is over."
Announcement from Salamanca, April 2nd, 1939.
"With the end of the war in Spain comes the difficult task of restoring normal conditions in the recently conquered area."
Times, message from special correspondent at Hendaye, 4th April, 1939.
How is General Franco facing the task of "restoring normal conditions in the conquered area?" How is he finally stamping out Republican resistance; restoring order and administering justice; dealing with the problems of food shortage, unemployment and reconstruction ?
Despite the difficulties of obtaining information as to events within Spain, owing to the rigid censorship of news and the ban upon foreign journalists, we have been able to collect evidence from the press and from other sources, which gives some indication of the way in which these problems are being faced by General Franco and of the rule of terror under which millions of Spaniards are now living.
JUSTICE IN NATIONALIST SPAIN
The State Law for Political Responsibilities.
The basis upon which justice is administered today in Spain is the State Law for Political Responsibilities, which was published in Burgos on February 13th, 1939. General Franco has declared that he intends only to punish "criminals", but according to this Law, anyone who has supported the Republic and the legal Government of the country, is guilty of a "crime".
The Decree outlaws all political parties and social organisations which formed part of, or in any way supported, the Popular Front, and defines the "political responsibilities" of those who from October 1st, 1934, helped to "create or aggravate subversiveness of any kind damaging to Spain, or any acts of subversion (after July 18th 1936) which went against or may oppose the National Movement either by concrete acts or grave passivity".
Political responsibility will be exacted from any individual who has opposed the National Movement and supported the Republic, whether he were a prominent leader, a member of one of the political parties of the Popular Front, or a convenor of the 1936 Elections; and from those "who aroused or induced others to commit the above-mentioned acts (against the National movement) by speech, press, radio or other means". Only those under 14 years of age and "totally disabled gentlemen" appear to be exempt from such responsibility.
The Occupation of Madrid.
On the third day of the occupation of Madrid, a decree enforc-