Spain Supplement Labour Press Service
May 11, 1938.
AIMS OF THE REPUBLIC
DR. NEGRIN'S THIRTEEN POINTS
The following declaration of the policy of the Spanish Government was made in Barcelona on May 1 by its Prime Minister, Dr. Juan Negrin.
The Government of national union, which enjoys the confidence of all parties and trade union organisations in loyal Spain, and which represents all those Spanish citizens who conform to constitutional legality, hereby solemnly declares its war aims to its fellow-countrymen and to the whole world:
1. To ensure the absolute independence and complete integrity of Spain; a Spain entirely free from all foreign interference, whatever its character and origin, with her peninsular and insular territory and her possessions untouched and safe from any attempt at dismemberment, seizure or alienation; and with her protectorate zone, assigned by international agreements retained, unless such agreements should be modified on Spain's own intervention and with her assent. Fully conscious of her historical obligations, Spain will draw more closely together the links forged by a common origin and a sense of universality - a traditional characteristic of her people - which bind her to the other Spanish-speaking countries.
II. The liberation of our territory from the foreign military forces of invasion and from those who have entered Spain since
July 1936 and, who, under the pretext of technical collaboration, are intervening or attempting to dominate the economic and juridical life of Spain in their own interests.
III. a people's Republic, represented by a virile State based on the principles of pure democracy, and ruling by means of a Government endowed with the full authority conferred by universal suffrage, and symbolising a strong executive power dependent at all times on the will of the Spanish people.
IV. The legal and social structure of the Republic shall be built up by the national will, freely expressed, as soon as the war is over, in a plebiscite to be carried out without restrictions or limitations, with full guarantees of protection against every possible reprisal, for those who take part in it.
V. Respect of regional liberties without prejudice to Spanish unity. Protection and development of the personality and individuality of the various regions of Spain, as historic law and fact impose; this, far from signifying disintegration, is the best means of welding the various elements of the nation together.
VI. The Spanish State shall guarantee all citizens rights in civil and social life, liberty of conscience, and the free exercise of religious belief and practice.
VII. The State shall guarantee legal property legitimately acquired within the limits imposed by the supreme interests of the nation and the protection of producing elements. Without prejudice to individual initiative, it will prevent the exploitation of the citizen and subjugation of collectivity by an accumulation of wealth, which weakens the controlling action of the State in economic and social life. To this end it will encourage the development of small properties, will guarantee family patrimony and will adopt every measure leading to the economic, moral and racial