Francisco Largo CABALLERO and the GENERAL UNION OF WORKERS.
(Translated from the French of Lily Krier-Becker, Luxemburg)
Latterly the foreign press has announced certain events which have taken place in the Spanish U.G.T., without however adding details likely to provide Trade Union and Socialist militants with the necessary enlightenment on the situation. Our revered friend Caballero, desirous of giving the Spanish workers the explanations which they have the right to demand, inaugurated on the 17th instant a series of conferences in which he will explain the situation and the attitude of the UGT and its militants. The speech given on the 17th in a Madrid theatre, and relayed to three other halls, contains passages which are of the greatest interest and which are worthy of being brought to the knowledge of the comrades of the International, so that they may know what has been going on in Spanish workers' circles. Taking the shorthand report of the distinguished Spanish militant's speech as the basis of what follows, I am taking the liberty of giving you the principal declarations made at Madrid. Although the political facts and invisible goings on are perhaps less important than those affecting the U.G.T. properly so-called, yet it is impossible to separate them from one another, since it is precisely these political motives which have caused the Trade Union split, and one can claim without fear of contradiction that all the responsibility falls on the Communists, who not only aspire to the "colonisation" of the two great Trade Union and political Centres in Spain, but perform the same wretched work in every country. On this matter, Caballero's explanations are absolutely clear.
(Lily Krier-Becker, Luxemburg).
The Spanish Government crisis was prepared long before by the Communists. The campaign against CABALLERO commenced at the time when the latter, reacting vigorously against certain demands, declined to accept orders dictated by non-Spanish persons and affecting the interests and questions of internal order in Spain. Most alluring promises were made to Caballero, who, if he had accepted them, could have been today the head of the Unified Socialist Party, the most powerful man in Spain, but always on condition that he pursued the policy which certain persons demanded of him. As Caballero was not so made as to betray the cause to which he had devoted 47 years of his life, he did not yield to the promises, in the same way as he did not yield to the violent scenes to which he was subjected in his office of President of the Council. This attitude provoked the campaign against the person of Caballero, but seeing that it was without effect, since the majority of the workers could not understand this behaviour towards a man of merit, the